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Thema : Naher Osten

L’urgence d’une souveraineté alimentaire

From France, Rony Brauman, former president of MSF France, gives us his reading of the philosophical, political and symbolic stakes of Palestine and of this debate – one that particularly captivates the French (far more than their Dutch and Italian neighbors, for example). Rony Brauman doesn’t speak on behalf of Palestinians, but according to him, France and Europe will be useful in this region by recognizing the rights of Palestinians, and not by clinging on to a supposed “peace process”.

MSF in the Middle-East: a challenging context?

In this special feature of this issue of Humanitarian Exchange, which focuses on humanitarian action in the Middle East, Caroline Abu-Sada describes how Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has adapted its approach to providing emergency medical care to different country contexts in the Middle East.

Les relations entre acteurs associatifs et Etat, clé de compréhension des Révolutions arabes

The new situation created by the 2011 "Arab Spring" goes to the heart of relations between associations, NGOs and governments. Indeed, populations have been placing increased pressure on the majority of Arab countries, partly due to the profound transformation of the voluntary sector. A book edited by Caroline Abu-Sada and Benedict Challand, which was written for the most part before the beginning of the acceleration of the mobilizations against the regimes, includes six studies that can help better understand these recent events.

Vers un nouvel imaginaire national ? Transformation de l’action associative au sein de la communauté palestinienne au Liban

Increasingly non profit associations providing welfare services to Palestinian refugees in Lebanon have been demanding the improvement of the living conditions of the Palestinians. By mediating collective demands on behalf of the Palestinian community vis-à-vis Lebanese authorities, they joined UNRWA and Palestinian political factions in acting as representatives of the Palestinians.

Le développement, une affaire d’ONG ? Associations, Etats et bailleurs dans le monde arabe

Most Arab regimes are now facing extreme pressure from their populations. Their authoritarianism, as well as their ability to produce development and social welfare, are being questioned, while unemployment, social insecurity and poverty are making their societies more fragile. How do development associations, which have proliferated in recent years, participate in the new situation created by the "Arab Spring" of 2011?

Bande de Gaza: Conflits de souveraineté

From international NGOs to UN agencies, from donors to observers of humanitarianism, opinion is unanimous: in a context of the alleged ‘clash of civilisations’, our ‘humanitarian space’ is shrinking. Put another way, the freedom of action and of speech of humanitarians is being eroded due to the radicalisation of conflicts and the reaffirmation of state sovereignty over aid actors and policies.

Gaza Strip: A Perilous Transition

From international NGOs to UN agencies, from donors to observers of humanitarianism, opinion is unanimous: in a context of the alleged ‘clash of civilisations’, our ‘humanitarian space’ is shrinking. Put another way, the freedom of action and of speech of humanitarians is being eroded due to the radicalisation of conflicts and the reaffirmation of state sovereignty over aid actors and policies.

New humanitarian concerns in Iraq

Humanitarian challenges have evolved over the past few years in Iraq. MSF has worked hard to find the most appropriate approach: the best way to balance serious security concerns against the medical needs of the people.

Cultivating Dependence, Palestinian Agriculture Under Occupation

A la veille de sa cinquième décennie, l'occupation israélienne dans les territoires Palestiniens ne peut plus être considérée comme une aberration temporaire. A l'ombre du processus d'Oslo, de la deuxième Intifada, du "désengagement" de bande de Gaza et des agressions récurrentes, le contrôle d'Israël sur la vie, la société, l'espace et la terre des Palestiniens s’est fermement ancré et a acquis des formes plus sophistiquées et durables.

Les Territoires occupés palestiniens : un terrain d’intervention de plus en plus complexe, mais toujours aussi nécessaire

Since June 2007, the split between the leaders of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank has been confirmed. This situation has had even more catastrophic consequences for the Occupied Palestinian Territories, as it is accompanied by an Israeli occupation that is not becoming more flexible. Despite the truce in place since June 2008 between the Hamas and Israel, Israeli restrictions on the movement of goods and people are stricter than ever, and the de facto separation between the two territories make it difficult to foresee a national future and the construction of a Palestinian State.

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